How To Treat Bunions
March 29, 2013 – 12:00 am | No Comment
A bunion is a deformity that is mainly made up of a lateral deviation of the great toe which enlarges due to a tissue or a bone. It is a serious foot problem. These are formed within the foot and not on the surface of the foot. An arthritic condition and  a result of bone degeneration it is found as  a lump on the outside portion of the big toe. Bunions are seen near the joint of the toe and sometimes  [...]

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Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Submitted by on August 17, 2009 – 10:20 pmOne Comment

Tennis Elbow or Lateral Epicondylitis is a condition that causes extreme burning pain over the bone at the side of the elbow resulting from tendon inflammation that connects muscle to the bony protrusion known as the epicondyle on the outer side of the elbow. A major populace of those inflicted with tennis elbow do not even indulge in racquet sports and is known to generally affect individuals in their dominantly using arm, sometimes also occurring in non-dominantly used arm or both of them.

With as much as 50% of the cases of tennis elbow sufferers being tennis players in the span of their careers, yet less than 5% of every tennis elbow diagnosis is linked to essentially playing tennis. Though persons from any age can become inflicted, it has been observed mostly in the age bracket of 30-50 years, with more cases of men than women have been observed.

Tennis Elbow Causes: Excessive use of the arm and forearm muscles is known to mostly cause either a sudden or slight damage to the muscle and tendon located on the outer side or even the posterior side of the elbow.

Tennis Elbow Symptoms: Symptoms of tennis elbow consist of:

  • Mostly an eventual or sometimes an abrupt rise in the pain centring on the outer side of the elbow.
  • The pain magnifies when one shakes hand, squeezes items, stabilizes or rotates the wrist forcefully or even holding day-to-day objects becomes an ordeal.

Exams & Tests: Blood tests and X-rays are not adept at detecting Tennis elbow and are best diagnosed by a detailed physical exam by the doctor concerned, accompanied by elaborate delving into the symptoms of the patient, age, medical past, other medicines in use and general health following which an apposite line of treatment is suggested that rarely involves surgical intervention.

Tennis Elbow Treatment: Adhering to the following simplistic rehab steps will aid in averting further abuse by strengthening the arm muscles.

  • Halting any form of activity that leads to pain and inflammation for a period of weeks to months and giving adequate rest to the forearm to assist in healing the tendon.
  • Administration of ice or cold water pack on the problem area for twenty minutes with a frequency of at least three times per day, with the initial few days necessitating the use every hour for a ten minute interval.
  • Trying to raise the elbow at regular intervals will aid in decreasing pain and swelling.
  • Using non-steroid based anti-inflammatory medicines or NSAID’s to alleviate pain and soreness.
  • Physical rehab therapy, Acupuncture, topical treatment with nitric oxide, extra corporeal shock wave therapy is many times coalesced with the above said basic steps to hasten recovery.
  • Physiotherapy session involves the engaging of varying forms of exercises inclusive of warm-ups, stretching, strengthening exercises, restrictive forms of activities that involve holding or moving the arm, along with the assistance of equipment that is ideally suited to individualistic size and capacity. Sometimes, Trans-cutaneous electrical nerve stimulation or TENS are also used during this session.
  • Corticosteroid injections are only administered when long period of rest and rehab provide no relief with surgical intervention only done subsequent to 6-12 months of the above outlined treatments.

Possible Complications: Tennis elbow normally initiates with mild pain, worsening with time as even simplistic movements of the elbow joint become excruciatingly difficult.

Prevention: One can reduce the ongoing strain on tennis elbow by:

  • Always using the correct gear and technique when engaging in any physical activity.
  • Using a counteractive force brace that is an elastic band that binds the forearm in the area just beneath the affected tendon will assist in easing the pain.
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