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Swollen eyelid – Treatment and Tips

Submitted by on March 10, 2011 – 5:02 amNo Comment




Swollen eyelid, caused due to swelling of the eyelid, is quite annoying and sometimes impairs vision. It can also make face washing or make up application difficult due to the tenderness in the environs of the eye. A swollen eyelid is not only disconcerting but can also be indicative of an underlying condition. Sometimes, the corner of the eye gives slight white discharge, which accompanies eyelid swelling.

More often than not, a swollen eyelid indicates an infection. Usually there can be 2 kinds of eyelid swellings: painful and non-painful.

The painful type can be caused by various problems of the eye like orbital cellulitis, conjunctivitis, stye, blepharitis and chalazion. The biggest symptom of a swollen eyelid is the fact that it’s swollen and is characterised by redness, inflammation, scale formation, itching, etc. in the areas that surround the eyelid and the eye.

The non-painful type is usually caused by gland blockage in the eyelid or allergies. Gland blockage can be caused by either an infection or the overproduction of fluid. In cases like this, you can opt for a simple operation to remove the fluid. Eye swelling can also be caused by various factors like trauma or other infections.

Please note that more often than not you can treat your swollen eyelid at home, but if it does not respond to treatment, it’s best to give your doctor a call.

Listed below are some of the major causes of a swollen eyelid:

Blepharitis:
It is an inflammation of the margin of the eye, and in most cases it is caused by seborrheic dermatitis – a skin disorder or a bacterial infection. The margins of the eye look red and the base of the eyelashes is usually attached with flaky dandruff type scales. Blepharitis leads to production of excess sebum in the glands that are situated at the eyelash base. Some of the remaining symptoms of Blepharitis are inflamed and reddened margins of eyelids, dandruff like flakes at the eyelash base, burning eyes and itchy eyes. Sometimes one mat even lose eyelashes due to this infection.

Conjunctivitis:
This condition is caused when the protective membrane called conjunctiva which lines the eyelids and exposed regions of the eyeball gets itchy, swollen and red. Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pinkeye is caused due to viral or bacterial infections, environmental irritants, chemicals, allergies etc., and is contagious.

Stye:
This condition is caused by infections via bacteria which occur in the oil or sweat producing glands located at the eyelash base. A stye is characterised by pus and swelling, thus leading to a painful red lump formed at the eyelid edge. Over and above the pain, the eyelid swelling impairs clear vision and on rare occassions, the infection is seen to affect the entire area of the eyelid. There is no particular reason as to why people get affected by styes.

Styes are usually caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria. This bacterium is usually discovered on the skin surface, and normally is harmless. However, it making way into ur body can cause various infections. You must wash you hands thoroughly after making contact with the eyelids, since Styes are infectious.

Chalazion:
Although this condition is similar to a stye, there’s a remarkable disparity between both. A chalazion mostly grows at some distance from the eyelid edge as compared to a stye which grows at the edge. A chalazion is caused by blockage in the duct of the eye which is developed in the lubricating glands of the eyes and is characterised by tenderness and swelling of the eyelid. The final stages show the development of cyst-like white bumps in the upper and lower eyelids. Chalazions, usually do not require treatment as they disappear spontaneously over a period of time.

Orbital Cellulitis:
This condition although rare is an extremely serious condition and is caused by infection of the tissues surrounding the eyes. A bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus enters the cavities of the eye via either a trauma to the eye region or a sinus infection. Orbital Cellulitis is characterised by inflammation, pain and swelling in the eyelid and eyeball. The sufferer can also experience fever and blurred vision.One should consult a physician immediately on the onset of these symptoms. This is a serious condition and if not treated on time, can result in permanent vision loss and other neurological infections.

There are several other causes for a swollen eyelid like allergies, renal problems, usage of old make-up etc.

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