How To Treat Bunions
March 29, 2013 – 12:00 am | No Comment
A bunion is a deformity that is mainly made up of a lateral deviation of the great toe which enlarges due to a tissue or a bone. It is a serious foot problem. These are formed within the foot and not on the surface of the foot. An arthritic condition and  a result of bone degeneration it is found as  a lump on the outside portion of the big toe. Bunions are seen near the joint of the toe and sometimes  [...]

Read the full story »

Home » Health News

Rising Online Purchase of Illicit Smart Drugs in Teens could have Grave Health Outcomes

Submitted by on March 15, 2010 – 2:59 amNo Comment



Intent on putting their best foot forward and getting the highest possible grades, presently there has been a worrisome surge in the use of smart drugs. Even fifteen year old students are self-medicating themselves with smart drugs, the otherwise dubbed cognitive improvement medications, partaking in prohibited medication trafficking on the net and swapping messages about the finest tablet combos to getting high grades in exams.

Apprehensions have been riding high over the unabashed use of smart drugs for quite a while amongst academicians, lawmakers and dispensing chemists.

Several of such medications are decades-old and have been employed for treating disorders like narcolepsy and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) with findings of them being safe.

However, the safety quotient of such drugs when chaotically used by healthy youngsters consuming inapt dosages for boosting their academic competence is something that requires monitoring.

Expert opinions consider this form of usage in continually developing brains could lead to long-standing harm and addiction.

Teen pupils have been noted to take Modafinil (obtainable as prescription medication Modalert, Modavigil, Provigil, Alertec) as an economical means of raising concentration levels, increasing attentiveness, productivity and stamina. Several of these users find these smart drugs to be beneficial in focussing, revision and memorisation for which they were earlier dependent on caffeine-based drinks.

A swift scrutiny of pupil online forums exposes a medicine-advice-swapping world.

The advantages of Adderall, Ritalin that are used for ADHD treatment are contrasted against Modalert, Provigil and a set of medications known as ampakine – prescription medications which are showing potential in treating Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.

The issue with advising pupils against using them is that tests have revealed such medications to assist in enhancing alertness, focus, concentration and memory due to their interaction in varied manner with the chemical envoys in the brain (neurotransmitters).

ADHD treatment has amphetamine that could lead to addiction, and there are doubts that sleep disorder therapies like modafinil could lead to addiction.

Researchers have comprehended the manner in which medications like Ritalin function by fuelling levels of neurotransmitters like noradrenaline and dopamine in the brain has a positive outcome on moods, recollection and cognitive functioning when taken in optimal dosage. When optimal dosage is crossed, it could lead to issues with addiction. In case of modafinil, there is still dearth of knowledge about the manner in which the medications functions in the brain for boosting cognitive functioning.

But, proof is surfacing that modafinil, deemed non-addictive could additionally have an effect on dopamine levels. This is important as dopamine creation could cause addiction.

At times dubbed as the ‘prize medication’, dopamine release occurs when one indulges in enjoying certain foods, drugs or during sex. Human beings are innately wired to indulge in repetitive self-rewarding experiences, a series which could lead to addictive behaviour.

Outcomes of small-scaled study conducted by NIDA in the United States have shown that Modafinil does raise dopamine levels and can be potentially addictive.

Several research work conducted have constantly indicated that all medications which are commonly abused have a widespread outcome of raising dopamine levels in the brain (nucleus accumbens) which is considered to be critical for their fortifying outcome and finally their core potential of eliciting addition.

A curative dosage of Ritalin (5 -60 milligrams/day) has been observed to be helpful in ADHD patients in the young age bracket, however unsupervised dosages consumed by healthy young individuals could have detrimental outcomes. The additional dopamine production due to excess dosages leads to constriction of blood flow to the brain and over span of time can lead to lasting harm particularly in pre-frontal cortex of the brain among adolescents.

Related Posts with Thumbnails

Popularity: 2% [?]

Leave a comment!

Add your comment below, or trackback from your own site. You can also subscribe to these comments via RSS.

Be nice. Keep it clean. Stay on topic. No spam.

You can use these tags:
<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

This is a Gravatar-enabled weblog. To get your own globally-recognized-avatar, please register at Gravatar.

CommentLuv badge