Alternative treatments for arthritic conditions
September 30, 2013 – 4:31 am | No Comment
Alternative therapies for arthritic conditions are inclusive of treatments like acupuncture or magnets, chondrotin or glucosamine. People having arthritis usually suffer with conditions like stress, stiffness, pain, and depression. So it is imperative that there are alternative treatments for arthritis, which will help patients cope with this in a better way and in a healthier manner. If you do not  [...]

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Monkeypox Trauma Management

Submitted by on December 10, 2009 – 2:30 pmNo Comment

Animals, mostly those pet animals have always been favorite to almost every one in the world. Nonetheless, it is an other issue of appaehension that the same pet animals or even the other animals can become the reason of severe diseases that can change one’s life. Monkeypox is one of those diseases that spread the infections via animals, and is a sickness that can abscond its acne behind forever on the skin and in the heart.

What is Monkeypox?

Monkeypox is an uncharacteristic disease. This disease was first recognized in the laboratory of monkeys in 1958, and thus, the virus is named as monkeypox. This disease is common in the Central and West Africa, but in the year 2003, a sudden outbreak was been seen in the US. Monkeypox in human brings is zoonotic viral disease that initially occurs mainly in the isolated villagesof Central and West Africa in propinquity to tropical rainforests , the forests which are in the close contact of infected animals. The disease is mostly transmitted from rodents, pets, and primates to humans through the contact of animal’s blood or their bites. However, doctors find it difficult to categorize human monkeypox and chickenpox.

Causes of Monkeypox:

Monkeypox is caused by a virus coined as Monkeypox virus. This virus very much similar to the orthopoxvirus set of viruses. The other viruses that belong to this group of viruses with an infectious attraction for human being are variola or the virus of small pox, vaccinia (used for smallpox vaccine) and cowpox viruses. A person can get the monkeypox usually from an animal which is infected by the virus through the animal’s bite or if the person has touched the infected animal’s blood or fluids or even its rashes. The disease can be also transmitted from one person to another by a vast number of respiratory droplets, while long period of face-to-face communications. It can also spread if one person touches the body fluids or objects like bedding or clothing of the affected person that is contaminated with the germ of monkeypox.

Symptoms of Monkeypox:

Monkeypox symptomsThe symptoms of monkeypox is very much similar to the symptoms of smallpox. However, the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) that are enlarged are linked with monkeypox. If a human being gets the infections, after 10 or 12 days, the illness starts. The initial symptoms are fever, headache, backache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes with a normal feeling of discomforts. After 1 to 3 days as the fever and other complications occur, the sufferer develops the trendy rashes like raised bumps, initially the rashes appear in the one part of the body, and later on it develops in the other parts. Mostly, the rashes can be seen all over the body with irritation. The skin lesions develop various steps and crusts or fall off. The sickness lasts for two to four weeks.

Exams and tests:

The physicians analyze the appearance of the disease in the patient by doing a proper diagnose of the existing symptoms, knowing the history of the medical condition like which way the patient has got the virus and understanding the family history of the illness. The doctors also want to know if the patient is currently going through any medications or if the patient has any kind of travel history where he/she has got the infections. Doctors also perform physical examinations of the patient to check the signs and symptoms of monkeypox resembling to the monkeypox rash. If a physician doubts about a sure existence of the disease they prescribe certain lab tests and refers dermatologist who will be apt to treat the disease. The symptoms of monkeypox similar to some other types of diseases thus the doctors also conduct some other test like the test for Chickenpox, Herpes zoster, Contact Dermatitis, Impetigo, Scabies, Molluscum contagiousum, or existence of mouth, foot, and hand diseases. The doctors also do tests of the blood samples that are taken from the hands, arms, and elbows. They also carry out electronic microscopy, in which they use a high-powered microscope to check the monkeypox virus. They may take the swelling and collect the fluid on a glass. The various crusts from the sores or swellings may also be verified on the glass. They also do skin biopsy, where they collect small piece of tissue from the skin and test in the laboratory. Throat swab culture test is also been done. It helps the doctors to check the virus deeply. To conduct the test the doctor rubs cotton on the back of the throat and then sends that to laboratory.

Treatments of Monkeypox:

There is not any particular treatment for a disease   like monkeypox. The medicines that are mainly used for fever, coughing or pain are been used to reduce the symptoms and signs in the patient. At times, the doctors may give a smallpox vaccination, to fight with the virus. There are cases, where the doctors have given immune globulins or antiviral.

Monkeypox in animals:

The disease monkeypox is mainly found in the rodents that are imported, prairie dogs and other pets that are rare. Any pet can get the infection of the virus. The pet should be tested by a proper veterinarian(animal doctor). The pets should be kept out of reach of the other animals. They should be kept in a separate place from the house. Those who are having monkeypox may need to be killed sometimes to stop spreading the virus around. It is very important to be safe, one should always wear a single use gloves when handling the pets or any abject that are in the contact of the pets. If a pet is died because of monkeypox, it should not be buried or thrown in the garbage.


The main prevention from the virus is a proper know-how and hygiene among human beings. If anybody is affected in the same house, one should always clean the hands after coming back from the patient’s room. The sick person should be kept in a separate part of the room where others should not move. The other people who are going to the sick person’s rooms should were a mask. All items of the room should be frequently cleaned. One should use a disposable glove at the time of cleaning or washing the objects that are used by the patient. In the same family, the other persons should take care about the feelings of their health and should go for an immediate medical check up after they find any symptoms. The patient should wear clothing that can cover the boils. However, having monkeypox can change one’s life and his or her family. The people who are close may feel sad or can be frightened. These feelings are common but one should bear a confidence and should take advice from a good doctor. He/she should tell the doctor to have a converse with his/her family. The organizations like the ‘world health organization’ ‘American Veterinary Medical Association’ is working continuously to spread awareness and distribute medicines all over the world.

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