Alternative treatments for arthritic conditions
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Alternative therapies for arthritic conditions are inclusive of treatments like acupuncture or magnets, chondrotin or glucosamine. People having arthritis usually suffer with conditions like stress, stiffness, pain, and depression. So it is imperative that there are alternative treatments for arthritis, which will help patients cope with this in a better way and in a healthier manner. If you do not  [...]

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Illustrating Leprosy Rehabilitations

Submitted by on December 11, 2009 – 3:15 amNo Comment




History says that the disease leprosy   has affected the various human beings on earth since last 4000 years. The ailment was very well-recognized in the antique civilizations of China, Egypt, and India. A research by World health Organization (WHO) in 1995 had demonstrated that a number of 2 to 3 million people were permanently immobilized by Leprosy in that era. The report from WHO also says that in the beginning of 2008, the global record for the occurrence of the disease was 212,802. However, currently the adequate treatments are available to get rid of the penalty of the fatal illness leprosy.

What is Leprosy?

Leprosy or Hansen’s disease (HD)   is a chronic disease that is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis. It mostly affects the skin surfaces and other secondary nerves.It is a sickness of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory path. Its initial symbols are skin scratches. If the disease is not getting a proper treatment, can evaluate to a large extend and can result in a permanent damage of to the skin, nerves, limbs and even eyes. The various patients of leprosy are segregated on the basis of paucibalillary or multibacillary disease.   The paucibalillary level of leprosy shows milder   affects and is illustrated by one or more hypopigmented skin macules. Whereas, the Multibacillary Hansen’s disease shows the results in the form of symmetric skin lesions, condensed dermis, plaques, frequent nasal mucosa etc that results in nasal congestion and epistaxis. Doctors have demonstrated leprosy in several types like, Tuberculoid leprosy, Histiod leprosy, Early and indeterminate leprosy, Borderline tuberculoid leprosy, Borderline leprosy etc. The disease has been expended   in the underdeveloped areas of Asia like India and China, Africa, South America and the islands of the Caribbean and pacific. Estimations say that about 6 million people all over the world are the fatalities of the disease among them, 7000 exists in the US.

Causes of Leprosy:

Leprosy treatmentThe virus Mycobacterium leprae increases and affects the skin, nerves, and mucous membranes. If a person comes in the direct or close and continuous contact of an affected person he/she can be affected by the disease. Some research says that 9 out of 10 persons have a natural immunity to leprosy, the highest tendencies appear in the time of childhood, and goes away as the age go higher. The nasal drop that contains M leprae or vaccinations through skin breaks such as the contaminated hypodermic tattoo needle can also a source of spreading the virus in the human body. There are also some genetic reasons behind the expansion   of leprosy among the people. There are also some environmental reasons or conditions and additionally, the extent of exposure can also be a reason behind it. In the initial stage, when a person is getting affected by the virus, the symptoms are not so visible, but the virus starts increasing inside the body very quickly. The infections can be seen after three to five years. This period of time when the person is affected and the symptom becomes visible is called the ‘leprosy incubation period’ However, the period can also be from six months to numerous days.

Symptoms of Leprosy:

Skin lesions that have reduced consciousness to touch, heat, or pain, the skin color is lighter than normal skin, the skin lesions that do not cure after several months or even years, weakness in muscles, absence of feelings in the hands ,arms or feet or legs are the most widespread symptoms to prove that the patient has leprosy. However, the various symptoms that a patient can have also differ on the type of leprosy. If a person has tuberculoid leprosy, this will be indicated as the mild form of leprosy. In this stage the person can have one or more light or faintly   red patches on the skin mostly on the trunk or extremities. This in the future can result in light-touch sensations in the areas of the red patches. The other tuberculoid leprosy symptoms are severe pain, skin stiffness and dryness, loss of fingers and toes, eyesight problems that can lead to blindness, weakness in the muscles and enlarged nerves like those around the elbow and knee. It has been noticed that all the leprosy patients do not loss their fingers and toes. Nevertheless, with proper diagnosis and treatment many of the symptoms can be taken care of. Many patients who are suffering with tuberculoid disease can self-heal without treatment. As per as the affected fingers and toes are concerned, people should stay away from injury and infections to the areas and should make a proper intake of the prescribed medicines. The injurious bacteria of leprosy attack the nerves of the hands and feet and make them anesthetized. A patient can also get cuts or even burns in that anesthetized part and may not identify it. That can lead to several infections which can lead to permanent damages. Fingers and toes can be lost forever. A severe paralysis can also occur and can become a root to permanent damage of the fingers and toes. The bacterium also attacks the nerves around the eyes that can cause the loss of blinking reactions. The affected people can also loss the eyesight. They may also cause damage to the internal lining of the nose, which can scratch and collapse nose.

Exams and Tests:

Physicians analyze the leprosy patients by taking their skin samples. The skin samples are reserved under the microscope and is experimented whether there is any existence of leprosy bacteria. In some cases they also do blood tests, or the tests of skin smear. They make a mild cut on the skin and take a small amount of tissue fluid. Later the tissue fluid is been tested for the bacteria.

Treatments of Leprosy:

In the age of twenty-fist Century, there are several medicines that can cure leprosy. WHO, in the year 1981 innovated the combination of three antibiotics like Dapsone, Rifampin, and Clofazimine for a proper intake by the leprosy patients. In the year 1995, the organization started providing theses drugs free of costs for all other patients all over the world. The treatment can take approximately six months to one year. However, while doing the treatment, the body can react to the dead bacteria with severe pain and the patient can also have swelling in the nerves and skin. In some cases where the patient has severe pain in the body while medications, the doctors give pain relief medications like prednisone or thalidomide. However, some Ayurvedic medicines have been proven relatively helpful for the treatment of leprosy. A paste or juices that are made by rhizomes can be applied externally or swallowed internally. The paste particularly provides a proper aid to seditious joints. In addition, Chaulmoogra Oil mixed with lime juice is also used as a paste format to give a comfort to various reactions of the skin. Gota Kola, that is also known as Hydrocotype can also be used in a number of forms. It also   comes as an extract which can   also be taken with tea or coffee. This may also be applied to the body in the form of bandage by dipping into the liquid type of herbs. It is   used to cure leprous wounds. The peel of Vibhitaki   fruit, which is a form of ‘trifala’, are been used in the formation of ‘Triphaladi curnam’, ‘Triphaladi oil’, ‘Dasamularishtam’, ‘Parantyadi tailam’ and ‘Triphaladi ghritam’. Theses are proven to be very useful to treat leprosy. A seed of the plant ‘Babchi’, which in English is named as Psoralea, is   been turned into an extract, powder, dye, or oil and can be applied on the various parts of the body.

Preventions:

Many researchers say and also it has been proved that leprosy can be cured totally provided a patient goes for a immediate check up after any sign of leprosy is seen. On the other hand, if the disease is in the pick, the medicines can control the sickness but not can cure it from the roots. To prevent leprosy, the people who leave in the same house should consult a physician if any one has any questionable symptom; the patient should go for a skin biopsy to confirm if he/she has leprosy. One should also have a regular check up and should avoid any kind of negligence that can spread the disease within the family.  If the immune system is perfect, there is no need to any additional medications. Nevertheless, at present, there not any vaccine to prevent leprosy, Governments of various countries are organizing awareness camps to make the people know what to do and where should go if a patient is having leprosy. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed a multidrug therapy (MDT) to be used in the treatment of leprosy in the early 80’s which was the crucial step towards the control of the disease. MDT has become a life-saving medicine among many patients in the globe.  The constant leprosy education programmes have guaranteed the frequencies of the disease to the lower calculation as 1 in 10,000 by the end of 2000. Cebu Skin Clinic, in the Philippines has been recognized as the busiest treatment centers in the world. Whereas, the Switzerland-based pharmaceutical company ‘Novartis’ has taken special steps towards the cure and elimination of leprosy all over the world. WHO has passed on the message that 213,036 leprosy cases are been reported from 121 countries in the world from corner to corner in the end of 2009. However, the universal ambition to remove leprosy is the end of 2009. To achieve the target, the society should join hands to hands and the patients who do not come for the treatments due to some social or economical reason or the patients of rural areas should come out of the confine for a treatment. In any stage , the civilization should always remember the golden words of Mother Teresa, “The biggest disease today is not leprosy or tuberculosis but rather the feeling of being unwanted.”

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