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HIV Prevention Pills

Submitted by on February 4, 2011 – 12:05 am2 Comments

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has put forth early advice to start taking AIDS medications for HIV prevention among males that engage in risky sex with males (MSM).

The introductory parameters ensue after Nov-2010’s landmark report about everyday usage of Truvada AIDS medication reduces HIV infection risk among males. Such an approach is known as PrEP (pre exposure prophylaxis) could curb risk for the disease by a remarkable ninety-two percent among daily pill taker males.

Though there appear to be several crucial facets that need to be taken into consideration for and when garnering the benefit of HIV prevention.

  • Daily intake of Truvada AIDS medication is necessary and not merely before engaging in sexual intercourse.
  • Truvada similar to the entire array of HIV medications does carry side-effects.
  • The viral form can develop resistance to the drug among males that started the use of pre exposure prophylaxis approach when HIV infection was existent in their bodies.
  • Pre exposure prophylaxis doesn’t help in preventing other perilous STIs (sexually transmitted infections).
  • Truvada is costly. Also pre exposure prophylaxis isn’t a Food and Drug Administration consented usage of the medication, hence insurers might not be providing coverage for costs incurred.

Public health organizations across the United States are working on the pre exposure prophylaxis directives. However as the reports have been made public & several physicians being flooded with enquiries from males about whether pre exposure prophylaxis would be apposite for them – hence the CDC lately offered initial parameters.

As pre exposure prophylaxis approach testing was done solely among males & trans women (referring to male to female or MTF transgender people) hence it must solely be offered to those who are biologically men. Eligibility criteria for pre exposure prophylaxis approach are those at elevated risk of being infected by HIV – i.e., those men who often seek new sex mates or having coexisting sex mates in an area rife with HIV.

Pilot PrEP Directives for HIV Prevention

Illustrated herewith is the CDC’s fundamental suggestion in regards to PrEP for HIV prevention

  • It must be used solely for HIV –ve males at elevated risk of developing HIV infection.
  • It must be merely a segment of an all-inclusive preventative agenda.
  • It should entail getting regularly tested for HIV.
  • Every provider who offers PrEP should, on a regular basis be monitoring patient compliance; medication side-effects & HIV risk behaviourisms.
  • The sole PrEP medication regime which has undergone testing is one pill everyday – Truvada. Hence any other HIV combatant medications mustn’t be replaced.

Prior to commencing with pre exposure prophylaxis approach:

  • Undergoing HIV testing, inclusive of a sensitivity test for latest infection in case there are any signs & symptoms of severe HIV infection.
  • Checking for regular functioning of kidneys.
  • Testing for HBV infection.
  • Testing for STIs.

While commencing with pre exposure prophylaxis approach:

  • Taking a Truvada pill daily.
  • Every provider must be giving prescription which must no cross ninety days worth of supplies, to be renewed merely when the person received a –ve result on the HIV test.
  • Every provider must counsel people on lowering HIV risk behaviours & compliance to using Truvada.
  • Every provider must be offering condom.

All through pre exposure prophylaxis approach:

  • Get tested for HIV in 2-3 monthly time intervals.
  • Get tested on a regular basis for STIs.
  • Every provider must be performing routine laboratory testing for evaluating side-effects of Truvada.

On discontinuation of pre exposure prophylaxis approach:

  • Getting tested for HIV.
  • In case you tested affirmative then undergo evaluation on if the viral form has resistance to Truvada.
  • In case tested – ve then these males are to be given referral to apposite HIV preventative services.
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  • rosshhera says:

    There are a few side effects of Truvada. Nausea, vomiting, unusual muscle pain, and/or weakness. These may be signs of a buildup of acid in the blood, which is a serious medical condition - the first signs. Light colored stools, dark colored urine, and if your skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow. These may be signs of serious liver problems with liver enlargement and fat in the liver - the later signs. Contact a doc asap if you experience any of these while taking Truvada.


  • eva says:

    Do not take TRUVADA if you are already taking any of these: ATRIPLA, VIREAD, EMTRIVA, Combivir, Epivir, Epzicom, or Trizivir. this is because these medicines consist of similar ingredients, too active. also, avoid taking TRUVADA with HEPSERA.

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