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Brittle Bone Disease Symptoms

Submitted by on June 14, 2012 – 2:09 amNo Comment




Brittle bone disease symptoms and the way an individual lives with the condition of brittle bone disease is worth considering and so you should know what exactly causes the disease and what the symptoms are.

It is important to understand the categories of the brittle bone disease and also their symptoms. Brittle bone disease is a kind of genetic disorder and the very name is indicative that the bones are brittle or breakable. In most cases the condition is genetic and is inherited and there are many cases where there could also be an independent mutation. There are around eight categories of brittle bone disease and each has its own symptoms.

Brittle bone disease is a term that is known as Osteogenesis Imperfecta or OI and is also called the Lobstein syndrome. Normally a person who is born with this disease has a defective collagen and also insufficient amounts of collagen. Normally this is the Type I collagen. This is a major protein in the connective tissues. In many cases the collagen might be defective and also insufficient and in such cases the death occurs in the first year of birth.

There are around eight categories of the Brittle Bone disease and they have their own individual symptom.

Type I: Type I OI is normally caused by the genes that are in disorders. The bones that are very easily fractured show a lot of symptoms. So there could be a slight curvature in the spine or the muscles would have a poor tone and the joints could be loose, the sclera could be blue gray and the white part of the eye is because of the insufficient amount of the Type I Collagen. Sometimes the eyes are protruded and there are many cases where there is a loss of hearing The Type I OI can be again divided into Type IA and Type IB

Type II: In this type II OI the collagen is neither perfect not is it sufficient .This is normally caused by an anomaly in any of the related genes. Individuals with this type normally are seen to die in a year of birth. There are problems like failure of the respiratory system as the lungs are underdeveloped or because there is a hemorrhage of the intracerebral region. The bones also are very deformed. This is again categorized on the basis of how long the ones are and how the ribs are.

Type III: This is again caused due to the lack of collagen and results from the disorders in the related genes. The symptoms are bones that are susceptible to fracture and there could be deformation of the bones and respiratory problems, discoloration of the sclera and also loose joints. Normally a person with this kind of problem is short in stature, and has a rib cage like a barrel, with a poor muscle tone and also affects the curve in the spine and also in the arms and the legs.

Then there is the Type IV :type of OI that is very much like the Type III and is caused due to the same genes. The bone is deformed and it is not as severe as that in Type III. It is again categorized into IVA and IVB and this is based on the imperfect teeth that are found here.

Then Type V : is another condition where the mesh like feature of the bone is characterized and this leads to the joins getting calcified and it makes it very difficult to move the wrist and also repair the tissue that is seen normally in the fracture sites. It is not known what causes Type V kind of disease but it is known that it is inherited.

Then there are Type VI, Type VII, Type VIII, kinds of diseases and the treatment for this kind of disease is based on what method is used. Whether it is to insert the rods or whether it is to support the bones, whether the muscle strength would be improved or not etc.

Brittle bone disease is a condition that is caused by weak bones and it is important to understand the symptoms well.

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