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Doctors in the University of Mississippi medical Center have had a breakthrough in science by having a baby that has been cured of HIV. This baby is popularly called the “Mississippi Baby” and was born with HIV and then given antiretroviral drugs around 30 hours after birth. The baby is now around two years old and they confirm that the baby had not been on any medication since it was around a  [...]

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Breakthrough Developments in Science

Submitted by on October 23, 2012 – 12:05 amNo Comment




Isolated Cave the key to new antibiotics

There have been bacteria resistant to antibiotics which have been found in the deepest caves in the world. This is a breakthrough for the battle against the super bugs. There is the existence of such bacteria and this is an isolated place and is away from human visits till very recently.

This discovery that bacteria have managed to have defenses against the antibiotics indicates that the presence was earlier not known and these naturally existing antibiotics could be used by doctors to treat infections.

There have been many scientific directors who have collected the bacteria strains from the deepest part of the caves. None of these bacteria can have the human disease nor have they been even exposed to the sources of antibiotics in humans. It was eventually found that most of them were resistant to at least a single antibiotic. Many of them were resistant to more than 14 antibiotics. So resistance was found to virtually each antibiotic and accordingly applied to treat the infections.

It was fond that resistance in the bacteria is linked to the anthrax causing bacteria. This is not a problem as such but it could turn out to be so in future. So the actually pre existing resistance should known Human health is largely dependent on the resistance to antibiotics and it is a growing problem. With the emergence of so many medicines which are resistant to bacteria, the overall spread of resistance in the world has become global. These organisms also attain resistance but how is the question today.

These organisms are resistant to more than seven drugs and are not treatable using the traditional forms of treatment. So the doctors are forced to resort to surgery to take out the tissue that is infected. As antibiotics are prescribed and also used in agriculture it is not easy to find a place where the antibiotics do not have any influence. So the Lechuguilla Cave where the bacteria have been found are seen to be the best reservoir for this antibiotic bacteria.

It was in the year 1986 that this was discovered and access to the cave is thus only for a few expect cavers and also equal number of researchers. It is totally surrounded by rock and so it can take water till around 10,000 years. This is an age that is past the discovery of antibiotics and is thus a major breakthrough.

Head Injuries Affect Skills of Decision making

It has been seen that an y kind of traumatic injury normally affects the decision making ability of an individual. So complex decisions are left to the family in such circumstances. During the injured period and the rehabilitation period, patients and families find that the person injured finds it difficult to make decisions. This has also been seen in cases of brain trauma, orthopedic injuries and also during rehabilitation programmes.

A Breakthrough Health Tablet Invented

Indian Scientist at the Public Health foundation of India said that there is a tablet that could totally change the rural healthcare in India. Kanav Kahol the scientist says that this tablet called Swasthya, actually aims to make the process of point of care diagnostics by making the clinical data readily available so every healthcare worker in the country would able to take decisions then and there.

Just a couple of years back this tablet didn’t really seem feasible because the cost was a little on the higher side. Then it was felt that the tablet is prohibitive and expensive too. Then Kahol came back to Indian and found the vendors of Indian IT very reliable. So the local interns made the program for the data collection and also uploaded it. Then Kahol designed the entire software thus the entire huge expense came to a very minimal amount of Rs. 5.5 lakh. The device could be anywhere between Rs. 4000 to Rs. 7000. The Swasthya Slate is a small 3.5 inch device which also has a Blue tooth connection to an Android tablet of around 16 GB. All the captured data is then synced and made accessible to a doctor. This device would capture the temperature, ECG, water quality and heart rate thus creating a breakthrough in healthcare.

All that you wanted to know about the breakthrough in health and science is here now at your fingertips. Read on.

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