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Varicose veins are a painful problem, which are not easy to handle. Either these appear as smalls spider veins or at times large veins that are swollen and painful and could tire you out. Your legs feel heavy and weak and overall the whole feeling is very uncomfortable. Sometimes the blood vessels do not open wide enough to allow a smooth flow of blood and the veins get swollen resulting in varicose  [...]

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Bacterial Vaginosis

Submitted by on June 8, 2010 – 3:51 amNo Comment

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the commonly experienced form of vaginal infection among females in their child bearing age. BV develops due to a combination of numerous bacterial forms that appear to show overgrowth in the similar manner as Candida does due to disrupted normal balance of bacteria in the vagina. BV is not contracted due to sexual contact yet it is prevalent among those females who are sexually active.

Causes of Bacterial vaginosis:

The precise cause for this form of excess growth is unknown. Factors like a new sex mate, polygamous relationships, expectant mothers, women with STDs or douching could increase the risk of developing BV. Also, BV is not contracted from toilet seat, beddings, swimming pool or due to contact with objects around. Women who are sexually abstemious could also be affected. Even post-menopause women could be affected with BV.

Signs & Symptoms of Bacterial vaginosis:

  • Females having bacterial vaginosis might experience an irregular discharge from the vagina along with a nasty smell. Several women have cited fish-similar stench post sexual intercourse. Vaginal discharge in case any would be generally whitish or greyish or could be thin in appearance.
  • Itchiness and soreness in the vaginal area.
  • Burning sensation while one urinates or itchiness around the vaginal area or both of these symptoms experienced. But, nearly fifty percent of females having BV might not cite any symptoms. Majority of the women come to know about presence of infection during their yearly gynaecological examination.
  • Complications:

    Though in majority of the situations, bacterial vaginosis would cause no complications yet it does pose some grave risks which comprise of:

  • BV could raise a woman’s vulnerability to HIV in case she is exposed to its virus.
  • BV raises the risk of HIV transmission between an infected female and her sexual mate.
  • It is not a grave concern to health yet could raise a female’s risk of getting other STDs and chances of developing PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) post-surgery like abortions and hysterectomies.
  • Several study findings have found augmented risk of preterm labor and deliveries, less weight at delivery (below 5.5 pounds) among pregnant women having the infection.
  • The bacteria causing BV could at times cause uterine and fallopian tube infection or PID that could make a woman infertile or cause irreparable harm to the fallopian tubes raising risk of imminent life menacing ectopic pregnancies and sterility.
  • Diagnosis:

    For making identification, a speculum exam and ensuing swab taken from the vaginal area are sent for varied tests like:

  • Typically fish-similar test on wet mounts known as whiff tests following addition of potassium hydroxide to vaginal discharge placed on slide.
  • Litmus paper test for checking acidity in case a pH reading over 4.5 is indicative of alkaline medium and presence of BV.
  • Clue cells presence on wet mounts after placement of sodium chloride droplet on sample taken on slide.
  • Duo affirmative outcomes along with the vaginal discharge on its own are adequate for BV diagnosis. In cases where there is absence of discharge then all 3 of the above decisive factors are necessary.

    Treatment of Bacterial vaginosis:
  • Clindamycin/metronidazole – oral or vaginal insertion are effectual treatments but there is an elevated rate of recurring.
  • The normal course of treatment is metronidazole antibiotic - five hundred milligrams two times per day in a twelve hourly time interval for a week’s time period or a single dosage of two grams.
  • In BV the sexual partner does not need treatment which is the case in other communicable diseases that affect the female genital organs.
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