Alternative treatments for arthritic conditions
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Alternative therapies for arthritic conditions are inclusive of treatments like acupuncture or magnets, chondrotin or glucosamine. People having arthritis usually suffer with conditions like stress, stiffness, pain, and depression. So it is imperative that there are alternative treatments for arthritis, which will help patients cope with this in a better way and in a healthier manner. If you do not  [...]

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Avian Influenza Virus Updates

Submitted by on December 4, 2009 – 1:20 amNo Comment




Even in the  presence of various severe diseases like cancers or tumors or even AIDS that are difficult to treat or cure, some types of flues have made a better position recently among the patients who have suffered and even died in various parts on the earth. The Avian influenza which is well-known as ‘bird flue’ is one of them.

What is Avian influenza Virus?

The Avian influenza virus is known as ‘influenza A’ or H5N1 virus which is mostly found in birds but has the infection transmission on human beings. Generally, the wild birds bring the virus in their intestines and can spread among others whether domestic or wild, through their saliva, various other dischargers and feces. This virus attacks the birds, makes them sick and even can become the reason for their deaths. They are constantly changing and at times can spread rapidly. There are diverse sub-types of ‘influenza A’ viruses. These sub-types vary on the basis of the alteration in certain proteins on the surface of the virus or the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) proteins. Researchers say that there are 16 subtypes of HA and 9 subtypes of NA protein of influenza viruses. In addition, many more different amalgamation of sub-types can occur. Each combination represents a separate sub-type. All of the mentioned sub-types are found in birds.

Causes of Avian influenza:

Causes of avian influenzaAvian (bird) influenza (flu) Virus is the only cause of the Avian Influenza or ‘Influenza A’ or H5N1 flue. This flue spreads among human beings through their connection with domestic birds. These birds get the infection through the polluted discharges of the infected birds or the exteriors that are infected by the birds that have the disease.  It happens especially through the infected waterfowl or infected poultry or through the connection of the exteriors like dirt or cages or materials like water or feed. Migrant waterfowl and ducks are the multitude birds.  Mostly, they become the reason of transmitting the virus. This virus spreads among the domestic chicken, turkeys and geese that bring the consequence of deaths in a large number of the domestic birds even in a single day. If explored in the poultry firms or poultry populations the virus can transform into a highly pathogenic form in a few months. Thus, it should be always taken care, if ever the virus in the initial stage. Till date, the virus had been found in the rural areas where many households have small poultry flocks that ramble freely and sometimes enter the other homes or in the outdoor areas where children play. The infected birds discard large quantities of virus   in their feces, the chances of spreading the virus among the others or an exposure to the infected saliva became abundant in this condition.  In addition, the household who have a poultry firm can spread the virus through butchery of the bird and practice of cooking. Human being gets affected by the Avian flue when they come in the direct contact with another person who is suffering with the flue or the infected poultry. Nevertheless, the infection from one patient to another sometimes is not so affective than the connection with the poultry. But if the patient is in the close connection with other patient, he/she can spread the virus very easily, thus, the virus can spread easily among the other family members if one is suffering with flue.

Symptoms of Avian Influenza:

The symptoms that are commonly found among the affected birds are respiratory distress, lesser egg productions and ruffled feathers. It is normally seen that this birds have died in the same day after they get affected and the symptoms are seen. The symptoms among human of the flue are very similar to the general flue like fever, sore throat, eye infection, cough, body ache and pneumonia. If not treated well or on time this virus can show some deadly complications in the body like viral pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndromes.

Treatments of Avian Influenza:

Many clinical trials are under construction to fight with the H5N1 virus in various courtiers. No particular vaccine is ready still now for commercial production and become widely available in the medical shops. Some research is still going on to check whether the experimental vaccines will be fully protective.  As the vaccine is needed to closely match the exact virus, the large-scale commercial productions may take some time. However, if a person is having the symptoms of the flue should always admit in a hospital. The prescribed medicine that mostly doctors are giving to the patients is Tamiflu. This can be used to treat the infections among children and adults, mostly for all age groups. If the symptoms have started within last one or two days one should always start taking Tamiflu through a medical prescription.

Prevention:

A better prevention from the Avian flue is  to keep awareness about the sources of the flue. A person cannot get Avian influenza by properly cooked poultry eggs. One should always stay safe especially from the infected poultry; should wash hands thoroughly before and after touching the poultry eggs; the cutting boards   and other utensils should be cleaned with hot water and using a food thermometer to make sure that the poultry is being cooked to a temperature of at least 165 degrees is always good and safe. Nevertheless, if the virus is on air, one should always avoid the contact with the infected poultry. Government of every country have now started to control the domestic and international food products and many health organizations are conducting awareness camps especially for the people who have poultry business.

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