Pawanamuktasana as a Good Cure for Diabetes
March 22, 2014 – 2:48 am | No Comment
Regular practice of this yoga position is a way of curing all kinds of gastrointestinal problems, and gives you a way of achieving the bestpossible balance within. It works very well on the abdomen andis helpful for all those who have a weak digestive system. This helps in giving a flat stomach and is something that everyone should practice for achieving proper balance in health. This is a yoga  [...]

Read the full story »

Home » Disease, Health News

All About diphtheria

Submitted by on July 31, 2012 – 4:23 amNo Comment

Diphtheria is an infection of the bacteria that is seen to spread easily, and occurs very fast in individuals. It  mainly affects the throat and the nose. Mostly children below 5 years are affected also those above 60 years of age also get affected by diphtheria. People living in crowded and unclean surroundings contract diphtheria easily. Normally those who are not immunized are also seen to contract this disease very easily.

Diphtheria is not seen in countries like Europe and United States as here health officers have been immunizing the children against if for many years. It is still very common in countries that are in the process of developing. In the years 1993 and 1994, the cases of diphtheria were very great in countries like Soviet Union.

The early stages of diphtheria start with a sore throat. It could be a low grade fever and sometimes the neck glands get swollen. The bacteria causing diphtheria causes a poison or toxin within that leads to a very thick coating in the throat, nose or airway which makes the infection a little different from other kinds of infections that cause sore throat. The throat is normally black or fuzzy gray and causes a lot of difficulty in swallowing and breathing problems too. As the infection grows the patient is seen to have a lot of trouble swallowing and breathing. He also complains of double vision, and also have slurred speech. There are signs that the patient goes into shock and at this time the skin becomes pale and also cold with a rapid beating other heart and also sweats and generally has an anxious appearance.

In many cases where diphtheria is more than just a throat infection, the toxin is seen to influence the bloodstream and leads to other complications that affect the kidneys and the heart. The toxin damages the other heart and also affects its capacity to pump blood or the ability of the kidney to clear a lot of wasters. The nerves get damaged and then it results finally in paralysis. There are around 40% to 50% who die due to not getting treated.

Diphtheria can be prevented only by the DTaP vaccine or the Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis vaccine. Adolescents and adults normally have to receive a booster shot with this vaccine every 10 years. Most of the time the people who have not received the vaccine at all get diphtheria. The immunization is done during the age of 2, 4 and 6 months. Then a booster doze is give when the child is around 12 to 18 months. Then another booster doze is given at the age of 4 to 6 years. The Tdap vaccine is again given when the child is around 11 years. Then the Tdap Vaccine is every 10 years to maintain immunity and protection.

The vaccine is seen to result in little mild side effects. There is a little redness and soreness accompanied by a low grade fever. The child could be cranky or fussy due to the vaccine. Sometimes there are allergic reactions but these are very rare.

Diphtheria is very contagious and is easily infected in others. Small actions like coughing, sneezing, laughing etc spreads the disease. Sometimes it spreads due to picking up tissues of sharing glasses to drink. Sometimes people don’t show symptoms yet are infected. The incubation period is normally around 2 to 4 days. there are cases where the symptoms range from 1 to 6 days.

Children and adults suffering with diphtheria are normally treated in the hospital. When a doctor confirms the diagnosis with a culture of the throat, the person infected by this bacteria get a special anti toxin which is given with the help of IV or injections. They neutralize the toxins of diphtheria which are already in the body. They also give antibiotics to kill the remaining bacteria.

If the infection is very advanced then the patient is kept on a ventilator so that they can breathe. There are cases where the toxins have spread to the other parts of the body and the other systems. So it is necessary that a person should be kept isolated. Someone with diphtheria should be given proper treatment.

Diphtheria is an ailment that is caused due to the bacteria affecting the system

Related Posts with Thumbnails

Popularity: 1% [?]

Leave a comment!

Add your comment below, or trackback from your own site. You can also subscribe to these comments via RSS.

Be nice. Keep it clean. Stay on topic. No spam.

You can use these tags:
<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

This is a Gravatar-enabled weblog. To get your own globally-recognized-avatar, please register at Gravatar.

CommentLuv badge