Alternative treatments for arthritic conditions
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Alternative therapies for arthritic conditions are inclusive of treatments like acupuncture or magnets, chondrotin or glucosamine. People having arthritis usually suffer with conditions like stress, stiffness, pain, and depression. So it is imperative that there are alternative treatments for arthritis, which will help patients cope with this in a better way and in a healthier manner. If you do not  [...]

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A Histoplasma State Of Affairs

Submitted by on December 6, 2009 – 9:42 pmNo Comment




On the earth’s platform, there is an existence of various beautiful creature and mysterious sights who make us to assume that there is something that always manages to handle all theses parts with an un-natural or super-natural brain. But, on the other side of the picture these beautiful parts also carry the viruses that can cause severe health problem for human beings and even death. The diseases are mostly carried by birds or bird-like creatures and enters into the human body through inhalation. The name of Histoplasmosis also has its own value in this catalog.

What is Histoplasmosis?

Histoplasmosis is also named as Darling’s disease. This is a disease caused by the fungus known as ‘Histoplasma Capsulatum’. The symptoms of the disease appears differently form patient to patient but generally it affects the lungs.  The other organs of the body are also exaggerated as the virus spreads all over the bloodstream. If not diagnosed properly this can become very severe. This stage of the disease is called disseminated histoplasmosis. Histoplasmosis is very common among AIDS patients who have a week immune system. The type of the sickness can be segregated into many types like Primary pulmonary histoplasmosis; Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis; Primary cutaneous histoplasmosis; African histoplasmosis etc. The virus H capsulatum is found all over the world. Some certain areas of the US, especially in the areas edging with Ohio River valley and lower Mississippi River have the foundation of this virus. It   increases mainly in the soil and objects that are polluted with the discharges of birds or bat droppings. The poultry house  garbage, caves, in bird roosts or in the areas harboring bats   also have loads of H. capsulatum fungus. The fungus that spreads histoplasmosis is thermally dimorphic, in the human body temperature of 37°C, it morphs into mold, and in the environment it develops as a brownish mycelium. This disease can be found in any age and every group like infants, young children and even in the older persons. The people who have chronic lungs disease can be in the high risk of having histoplasmosis. The disease has also been found in the countries like Asia, Africa, Europe and North and South America. Most people who are suffering with histoplasmosis are asymptomatic.

Causes of Histoplasmosis:

Causes of histoplasmosisThe virus of Histoplasmosis is mainly found in the soil, in the feces or birds, the polluted places that have bat droppings or even bird droppings, the garbage of the cages etc. The sores become airborne when the polluted soil is distressed and the infection occurs when the airborne virus is inhaled or in other words, if a person comes in the contact of such infected places or virus can have histoplasmosis.   The infections can not be transmitted from one infected person to another. It is also rarely found in the solid organ transplant recipients. There are some other fundamental reasons by which a patient can be positive for having histoplasmosis. Like for example if one has Broncholithiasis or Aseptic meningitis or Chorioretinitis. Or   if any one is suffering with Lung cavity, Lymphadenopathy, Mediastinitis or Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome or Zoonosis can also suffer with histoplasmosis.  The patients who are suffering with some other disease can also have some underlying symptoms of histoplasmosis. The virus H capsulatum, which is in the saprobic stage, can develop in the mycelial form. Macroconidia and microconidia are developed on the of mycelium and are transformed into yeast under temperature-controlled regulation. If these aerosolization of conidia and mycelial affected garbage from the soil is inhaled, the bacteria goes insight the human lungs. The fungus that goes inside the human body includes fungistatic properties of neutrophils and macrophages. Inside the body the mycelial changes into pathogenic yeast and after that the yeast   grows into several other forms in 15 to 18 hours. After revelation, the yeast stops developing within 1 to 2 weeks. The virus that is spread to the area of lymph node may appear by lymphatics or the spleen or even the liver. It can also affect the hematological systems.

Symptoms of Histoplasmosis:

The disease in the initial stage does not show any significant affects.  However, if a patient is affected by the virus can have a general feeling of fever, chest pain, chills, malaise, myalgia and a dry nonproductive cough.  Chronic histoplasmosis can lead to tuberculosis which can be deteriorated over a period of time. Mostly, the symptoms occur after 3 to 17 days of the pollution enters the body. If ignored the disease can lead to several complications. Chronic pulmonary infections, Sepsis, eternal lungs damage or even widespread disseminated infections can also occur in the severe stage of histoplasmosis.
The pain in joints and skin lesion occurs in   5to 6 percent patients. The inflamed hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes can be found in 5 to 10 percent of patients. The other symptoms like cough, hemoptysis, dyspnea, or severe chest pain can also be found in the patients depending upon the density of the pulmonary airway and circulation.

Exams and Tests:

The physicians do a morphologic assessment of the tissue biopsy and the culture of H capsulatum. The tests are done both in the primary and chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis. Mostly, they do   the tests of blood samples, lymph node, bone marrow and other infected parts of the body. Faster check up can be possible with discolored biopsies as the virus takes weeks to grow inside the body. There should also be a proper check up of other diseases as the virus generates related symptoms.

Treatments of Histoplasmosis:

If a person is having mild stage of histoplasmosis, the doctors prescribe minute medications. But in the cases where the indications are severe, the patients are needed anti-fungal medicines like amphotericin B (Fungizone IV) and itraconazole (Sporanox). The drugs or the treatment depends on the type of the disease as well as the tolerance of the body pats of the patient or the immune system of the sufferer. However, in the initial treatment the patients are mostly advised to have an intake of amphotericin B.  However, these drugs can be toxic and physicians change them within some period of days or weeks as per the condition of the ion patient’s health. At times, corticosteroids are also given if the patient has come to a very serious stage and is facing difficulties to maintain the oxygen level of the bloodstream. In some cases, where the patient is in the gentle state, only Itraconazole is sufficient. But this medicine does not work well if the case is serious. The medications can also show some side affects like headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, or even diarrhea. If a patient has some kidney or lungs or liver problem, he/she should have a proper diagnosis and observation while doing the treatment. In the cases where the patient is not able to make an intake of itraconazole, he/she can be advised a dose of fluconazole which is another antifungal drug. However, there are also some Ayurvedic treatments for Histoplasmosis. The lymph nodes of the body can be treated by ‘Kachnaar-Guggulu’ ‘Triphala-Guggulu’ and ‘Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu’.  The parts of the intestines can be treated by ’Sutshekhar-Ras’, ‘Praval-Panchamrut’ and ‘Panchamrut-Parpati’. The treatment of various mouth ulcers can be treated by using ‘Yashtimadhuk’, ‘Jeerak’ (Cuminum cyminum), Bakul (Aconitum ferox), ‘Behada’, and ‘Saariva’ (Hemidesmus indicus).  The parts of affected liver can be treated by using medicines like Sutshekhar-Ras, Arogya-Vardhini, Bhunimbadi-Qadha, Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Rohitak (Tecoma undulate) etc. ‘Laxadi-Guggulu’, ‘Laxmi-Vilas-Ras’ ‘Punarnavadi-Qadha’, ‘Arjunarishta’ and ‘Dashmoolarishta’ are good to be used to treat the affected parts of heart. ‘Shatavari’ (Asparagus racemosus),’Bala’ (Sida cordifolia), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Tulsi, Abrak-Bhasma, Suvarna-Bhasma etc are also been used to treat the disease. If the disease reaches to the pick, it can be critical and mostly need an intensive care and hospitalization. The chronic stage may take long time to cure, which can be several months or years. However, in some cases if the patient is unable to take allopathic treatment, there are some Ayurvedic medicines that can be taken in addition to some modern therapies.

Prevention:

The prevention for the disease histoplasmosis is the awareness about the roots by which the virus of the disease travels around. There is no any proper way to check all the areas if they are polluted with H. Capsulatum virus or fungus, however, the people can avoid going to the areas that can be the port of the fungus .The cages of the birds should always be cleaned and the birds should be showered everyday. A person should have a frequent hand washing habit. One should shampoo and shower everyday and should run a good air cleaner. One should also modify the filters, in the condition when the house is entirely closed. If a person need to work with the direct connection of the infected soil he/she should always wear a mask. There are some sprays available in the market, which can be sprayed widely on the soil before digging or start working on that. If a person is required to perform any activity or work that can take him to the connection of the virus, he/she should consult a doctor for precautions. The   document named ‘NIOSH/NCID Document Histoplasmosis: Protecting Workers at Risk’ has been released by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), also gives a vast information about various work observations and personal care and  the knowledge of some defensive equipments that can trim down the hazardous  infections.

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